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《简爱》 Jane Eyre
作者:folxten    内容来源:folxten    点击数:    更新时间:2009-10-20

 

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Jane Eyre

《简爱》

 

 

 

Jane Eyre is a famous and influential novel by English writer Charlotte Brontë. It was published in London, England in 1847 by Smith, Elder & Co. with the title Jane Eyre. An Autobiography under the pen name "Currer Bell".

 

Jane Eyre is a first-person narrative of the title character, a small, plain-faced, intelligent and honest English orphan. The novel goes through five distinct stages: Jane's childhood at Gateshead, where she is abused by her aunt and cousins; her education at Lowood School, where she acquires friends and role models but also suffers privations; her time as the governess of Thornfield Manor, where she falls in love with her Byronic employer, Edward Rochester; her time with the Rivers family at Marsh's End (or Moor House) and Morton, where her cold clergyman-cousin St John Rivers proposes to her; and her reunion with and marriage to her beloved Rochester at his house of Ferndean. Partly autobiographical, the novel abounds with social criticism and sinister gothic elements.

 

《简·爱》是十九世纪英国著名的女作家夏洛蒂·勃朗特的代表作,人们普遍认为《简·爱》是夏洛蒂·勃朗特诗意的生平写照,是一部具有自传色彩的作品。夏洛蒂·勃朗特、艾米莉·勃朗特、安妮·勃朗特和勃朗夫人构成那个时代英国妇女最高荣誉的完美的三位一体。

 

  小说主要内容是女主人公简爱的成长历程,她从小失去父母,寄住在舅妈家,不平等的待遇让她饱受欺凌,小小年纪就承受了别人无法想象的委屈和痛苦。成年后,她成了桑菲尔德贵族庄园的家庭教师,她以真挚的情感和高尚的品德赢得了主人的尊敬和爱恋,谁料命运对她如此残忍,她为这段婚姻又付出了难以计算的代价,但自始至终她都一直坚持着自己的信念,执着自己的理想与追求。

 

  《简·爱》是一部带有自传色彩的长篇小说,它阐释了这样一个主题:人的价值=尊严+爱。《简·爱》中的简爱人生追求有两个基本旋律:富有激情、幻想和反抗、坚持不懈的精神;对人间自由幸福的渴念和对更高精神境界的追求。这本小说的主题是通过对孤女坎坷不平的人生经历,成功地塑造了一个不安于现状、不甘受辱、敢于抗争的女性形象,反映一个平凡心灵的坦诚倾诉呼号和责难,一个小写的人成为一个大写的人的渴望。

 

 
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