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《鲁宾逊漂流记》 Robinson Crusoe
作者:folxten    内容来源:folxten    点击数:    更新时间:2009-10-21

 

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Robinson Crusoe

《鲁宾逊漂流记》

 

 

 

Robinson Crusoe is a novel by Daniel Defoe. It was first published in 1719, and is sometimes considered to be the first novel in English. The book, although based on the true story of a Scotsman, Alexander Selkirk, is a fictional autobiography of the title character, a castaway who spends 28 years on a remote tropical island near Venezuela, encountering Native Americans, captives, and mutineers before being rescued. This device, presenting an account of supposedly factual events, is known as a "false document" and gives a realistic frame story.

 

The story was likely influenced by the real life Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish castaway who lived four years on the Pacific island called "Más a Tierra" (in 1966 its name was changed to Robinson Crusoe Island), Chile. However, the details of Crusoe's island were probably based on the Caribbean island of Tobago, since that island lies a short distance north of the Venezuelan coast near the mouth of the Orinoco river, and in sight of the island of Trinidad. It is also likely that Defoe was inspired by the Latin or English translations of Ibn Tufail's Hayy ibn Yaqdhan, an earlier novel also set on a desert island. Another source for Defoe's novel may have been Robert Knox's account of his abduction by the King of Ceylon in 1659 in "An Historical Account of the Island Ceylon," Glasgow: James MacLehose and Sons (Publishers to the University), 1911.

 

《鲁滨逊漂流记》是一本由丹尼尔·笛福59岁时所著的第一部小说,首次出版于1719425。这本小说被认为是第一本用英文以日记形式写成的小说,享有英国第一部现实主义长篇小说的头衔。这本书以书名人物为主人公,虚构了一个自传性的故事。小说讲述了一位海难的幸存者鲁滨逊在一个偏僻荒凉的小岛上度过28年的故事,而其伙伴是主人公从食人族手中救下一个土著,由于当天是星期五,因而给该土著人命名为“星期五”。在经历了野人、俘虏之后,在岛上以总督自居,成为荒岛的统治者。后协助经过荒岛的英国航船平定叛乱水手,并乘船离开荒岛,返回英国。在进入文明社会后,鲁滨逊依靠巴西种植园的收入成为富翁,并娶妻生子,过起安定的生活。

 

 
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